Religion and Growth in Human Development in Post-Communist Countries during the Twenty-First Century

  • Kent Saunders


The rise and fall of the Soviet Union and the communist empire was one of the distinguishing events of the twentieth century. The 21 countries that made up the Warsaw Pact simultaneously made a transition from Communism to more market-based economic systems. These countries all shared a common economic system for a prolonged period of time. However, the countries varied and continue to vary dramatically in terms of size, language, and religious faith traditions. During the twenty-first century, all 21 countries have experienced growth in human development. This article seeks to identify whether the differing faith traditions played a significant role in the size of growth in human development (income, education, and life expectancy) for these countries.