The Role of Spiritual Capital and Community in Amish Enterprises

  • Richard J. Martinez
  • Robin Rogers
  • Gaynor Yancey
  • Jon Singletary


Martinez, Rogers, Yancey, and Singletary (2009) recently proposed a model of spiritual capital that highlights the critical role of community life in organizations for enhancing the spiritual well-being of organizational participants. In this model, spiritual capital is defined as “assets, both tangible and intangible, that emanate from the spirit of an organization’s management, employees, staff and volunteers, and that impact the spiritual condition of all organizational participants (internal and external)” (Martinez et al., 2009). Spiritual capital is described as an important part of the organizational portfolio that includes financial, physical, human, intellectual, and social capital assets as well. Spiritual capital is understood in terms of several elements, including spiritual sensitivity, spiritual motivation, spiritual leadership, spiritual survival and spiritual outreach.