Seven Scales to Measure the Seven Beatitudes in Leaders
AbstractThis study presents the development of seven five-item scales to measure leadership traits in the seven Beatitudes found in Matthew 5: 3-10. The Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficients for these scales are .86, .95, .89, .92, .93, .93, and .92. Convergence validity was demonstrated by significant positive correlations for all seven scales with the Essential Servant Leadership Behavior scale and significant negative correlation with the Despotic Leadership scale. The value of the seven scales lies in their ability to assist researchers to compare leadership effectiveness with the seven representative virtues and, in time after normative data are developed, to offer a leadership tool for leadership selection and development.